Products embody not only material, design, and skills, but also a language of optimal functioning. Main Difference — Optimum vs Optimal The two words optimum and optimal both have similar meanings and can be used as synonyms. The literate message assumed that the human being is the optimal source of information and the ideal receiver. The optimal temperature for development of the particular organisms appeared to be about 100° F. Often the word optimum is used interchangeably with optimal. Optimum Optimum is an adjective that tells that conditions are almost perfect, the best, or the most satisfactory for achieving a good result.
Nothing is more pleasant than a day of this optimum kind in May or June. The noun optimality and the optimally are derivatives of optimal. Although optimum can also be used as an adjective, I find that this is an infrequent usage. The main difference between optimum and optimal is that optimum is an adjective and a noun whereas optimal is an adjective. For help writing a good answer, see.
It had been displaced a full fifteen degrees on the topside of optimum power! But despite competing in only one dimension against a two-dimensional word, optimal shot past optimum in frequency of usage in the early 1970s and, as of 2005, was nearly three times as frequent in the Google Books database as optimum. Optimal The word optimal refers to best possible conditions that can happen to be there when a favorable outcome occurs. I haven't been able to find a mathematical definition of optimal and optimum to refer to but the most common phrase I've found for optimal on a web search is optimal solution which is consistent with my definition. They are more sluggish at this time and more vulnerable to predation than later in the season when temperatures are optimal. Optimum — Meaning and Usage The term optimum has been directly borrowed from the Latin noun optimum meaning best. Let us take two extreme conditions, the optimum and the minimum. Nor do I see any particularly striking difference in preference for one term over the other in U.
You have to ferment this mixture for five days to get the optimum taste. An answer is expected to be authoritative, detailed, and explain why it is correct - preferably by quoting a reference or linking to a source. There's an implication with optimal that certain restrictions exist in a given situation, so that what is optimal isn't necessarily the ideal scenario — it's the best one given those limitations. However, he also adds that the adjective optimum is edging out optimal in popularity. The main difference between optimum and optimal is that optimum can be used as a both adjective and noun whereas optimal can be only used as an adjective. The first known use of optimal is recorded in 1890.
It will be very seldom that a plant is likely to be found at the optimum. It is imperative to have a nutritionally balanced diet to achieve optimal health. Given below are some sentences that contain optimum as an adjective. I'd like to add the following lines as an addendum to other answers. Because of their overlapping, optimum and optimal are words that are hard to differentiate. History Optimum came into the language first. In some areas of mathematics, an optimal value is essentially a local optimum; i.
For optimal conditions blue line versus optimum conditions red line : For optimal design blue line versus optimum design red line : For optimal effort blue line versus optimum effort red line : For optimal level blue line versus optimum level red line : For optimal performance blue line versus optimum performance red line : For optimal result blue line versus optimum result red line : For optimal size blue line versus optimum size red line : For optimal temperature blue line versus optimum temperature red line : For optimal time blue line versus optimum time red line : For optimal value blue line versus optimum value red line : Of the ten pairs I tested, Ngram found a preference for optimum over optimal in only one instance in which the preferred adjective form was optimum optimum temperature. As noted in Gnawme's answer, Merriam-Webster says that optimum as an adjective is identical in meaning to optimal. The plant can grow in any environment, but the optimum is a dry, humid environment. This article attempts to highlight the differences between optimum and optimal. I'm pretty sure in the discrete math course I took that optimal was used for arguments or domain and optimum was used for value or range.
Optimum can also be used as a noun. One aspect of optimal versus optimum that previous answerers have not addressed is the shifting balance of popularity between the two words. The mixture had to be stirred until an optimum is reached. Conclusions From these tests I conclude that, in most contexts, popular usage now prefers optimal to optimum as an adjective by a significant margin—although prior to 1970, the reverse seems to have been true. Her suggestion proved to be the optimal solution for the problem. Given below are some sentences that use this adjective.
But I am here to conduct an experiment in optimum ecology, said the robot. Optimal is derived from optimum. These plants can grow very tall in optimal conditions. The optimum lies between point B and point E. Difference Between Optimum and Optimal Part of Speech Optimum is a noun and an adjective.